The gathering of Gondwanaland and Pan-African orogeny were momentarily introduced. Then, at that point, the lithological units and their structural settings in the northern Cameroon and southwestern Chad were taken apart in light of past examination. On this premise, weighty mineral examination was completed for waterway alluvium gathered from northern Cameroon. The examination results (species and substance of weighty mineral) were reliable with the storm cellar rocks of the Mayo Kebbi magmatic circular segment belt and the Rey Bouba greenstone belt from Western Cameroon Domain (WCD). Gold in the alluvium might come from Rey Bouba greenstone belt, and the examination results might give a possibility for alluvial gold adventure in northern Cameroon.